The demographic features of the population of Nigeria, including population density, ethnicity, vital statistics, education level, the health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other demographic aspects of the population.Census figures are used to determine regional funding and representation of ethnic and religious groups in government service, and to look at the makeup of a population.The proportion of children under the age of 15 in 2010 was 44.0%, 53.2% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.7% was 65 years or older. There is a large population momentum, with 3.2 percent growth rate leading to the projected population According to the United Nations, the population of Nigeria will reach 411 million by 2050.Nigeria might then be the 3rd most populous country in the world.On lower levels of society, there are the "area boys", these are organized gangs mostly active in Lagos who specialize in mugging and small-scale drug dealing. According to official statistics, gang violence in Lagos resulted in 273 civilians and 84 policemen killed in the period of August 2000 to May 2001.
Life expectancy is all expected to increase from 67.0 years in 2010 to 75.2 years in 2050.
Other religions practiced in Nigeria include African Traditional Religion, Hinduism, Bahai, Judaism, The Grail Message, and the Reformed Ogboni Fraternity The shift of population balance between Muslims and Christians is a result of northern and southern Nigeria being in different stages of demographic transition.
The Muslim-dominated north is in an earlier stage of the demographic transition with much higher fertility rates than the south, whose split Christian/Muslim population is further along in the transition, and whose fertility rates are declining.
Decreasing fertility can be linked to more access to education, use of contraceptives, and differing beliefs regarding family planning. Capitalizing on Nigeria’s demographic dividend: reaping the benefits and diminishing the burdens.
The 1999 introduction of Sharia Law in 12 northern Nigerian states led to massive violence and unrest and caused an ethnic and religious rift between Sharia and Non-Sharia states, a divide that has deepened with time. Etude de La Population Africaine; Johannesburg, 27(2), 319–330.
As confraternities have extensive connections with political and military figures, they offer excellent alumni networking opportunities.